Dual Citizenship In Vietnam: Complete Guide

Ever dreamt of savoring a Banh Mi in Ho Chi Minh City while still feeling the patriotic pull of your homeland?

Well, dual citizenship in Vietnam might just be your golden ticket.

Dive into this guide to find out how you can live the expat dream with one foot in Vietnam and the other back home.

Let’s dive in!


How Do You Become A Vietnamese Dual Citizen?

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Here are the primary methods for becoming a dual citizen in Vietnam:

  1. Citizenship by Birth
  2. Citizenship by Marriage
  3. Citizenship by Naturalization
  4. Citizenship by Investment
  5. Citizenship by Adoption

Eligibility Criteria

1. Citizenship By Birth

Any child born to Vietnamese parents, regardless of the place of birth, is automatically eligible for Vietnamese citizenship. This provision applies even if only one parent is Vietnamese.

2. Citizenship By Marriage

Foreign spouses of Vietnamese citizens can apply for citizenship, provided they have a genuine marital relationship for at least three years and reside in Vietnam for at least one year before the date of application.

3. Citizenship By Naturalization

Foreigners can apply for naturalization if they are at least 18 years old and capable of civil acts based on Vietnamese law,  while also having a mastery of Vietnamese language and understanding of the country’s customs, practices, and laws.

4. Citizenship By Investment

The eligibility criterion varies by case and is primarily determined by the Vietnamese government, with an emphasis on the individual’s investment potential in the country.

5. Citizenship By Adoption

Applicable for foreign children adopted by Vietnamese nationals. There is no prerequisite for residency or investment. Comprehending the journey to dual citizenship in Vietnam requires understanding its historical context and the current legal landscape.

The paths to dual citizenship suit different lifestyles and commitments, but each requires a dedicated process and navigation of Vietnam’s legalities. Remember to evaluate your eligibility criteria accurately for the method that aligns with your specific scenario.

Vietnam extends a cultural tapestry rich in history that dual citizenship can certainly allow you to embrace wholeheartedly.

How To Apply?

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Here are the steps detailing the method to apply for dual citizenship in Vietnam. Please note that these should be taken as guidance only and more complex situations may require additional processes:

1. Prepare Essential Documents

The first step towards acquiring dual citizenship involves gathering all necessary documents including your birth certificate, resident permit, passport, and documents that prove your Vietnamese origin such as birth certificates of parents or grandparents, old domicile certificates, or old Vietnamese passports.

2. Submit An Application

All documents (including your application for the dual citizenship), must be submitted to the Vietnamese embassy or consulate in your home country.

Carefully review the application form and ensure that the details provided are free of any errors to evade any interruptions in the process.

3. Evaluation Of Documents

The Vietnamese authorities will then evaluate your application and documents. This process may take some time as it involves careful scrutiny of all the given information.

4. Approval By The President Of Vietnam

If accepted, the proposal for citizenship is sent further for approval by the President of Vietnam.

5. Receiving Vietnamese Citizenship Certificate

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Post approval, you need to participate in the citizenship granting ceremony held by the Vietnamese embassy or consulate and receive your Vietnamese Citizenship Certificate.

6. Application For Vietnamese Passport

After obtaining the citizenship certificate, you can now apply for a Vietnamese passport.

7. Registration Of Dual Citizenship

Subsequently, register your dual citizenship status in the host country following their rules and regulations.

Remember, while dual citizenship can enable benefits such as the privileges of nationality in two countries, it also means potential obligations such as tax liabilities or mandatory military service, etc.

Hence, it’s always worthwhile to seek professional advice and make an informed decision about dual citizenship.

Advantages Of Having Vietnamese Dual Citizenship

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In terms of Vietnam, dual citizenship can be an appealing choice due to the variety of benefits it offers, some of which are discussed below:

✅ Economic Advantage

Dual citizenship in Vietnam provides an economic edge. It facilitates better economic returns as holders can own properties, start businesses, and avail themselves of banking services with ease.

They also enjoy the advantage of tax rationality and don’t have to deal with foreign exchange processes.

Strong Education And Healthcare Access

One can access Vietnam’s educational and healthcare systems without encumbrances or additional expenses. They can also undertake employment in Vietnam without requiring work permits.

✅ Travel Convenience

With a Vietnamese passport, intra-Asia travel becomes easier due to the numerous visa-free travel benefits. It also provides increased global mobility by offering the freedom to live and work in both countries without the need for visas or work permits.

✅ Cultural Immersion

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Holding dual citizenship provides a rich opportunity for cultural immersion. It lets citizens understand, experience, and contribute to the unique Vietnamese culture, further strengthening bilateral ties between their countries.

✅ Enhanced Privacy

Dual citizenship can provide an extra layer of privacy, despite it being a luxury in today’s world.

✅ Legal Rights

Legal rights guaranteed by the Vietnamese constitution, such as the right to vote, the right to public service, the right to work, and the right to join social or political organizations, are safeguarded by dual citizenship.

However, an individual must also factor in the legalities, fiscal aspects, commitment, and obligations that the dual citizenship places upon them.

Thorough research of governmental policies, obtaining legal counsel, and comprehending the cultural, social and political environment in Vietnam are prerequisites to leap into this significant decision-making.


You’ve made it to the end, future dual citizen! Now you’re equipped with all the nitty-gritty details to rock the dual citizenship life in Vietnam.

So, whether you’re sipping coffee in Hanoi or visiting family back home, you’re covered. Two worlds, one you.

Worlds United!

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